Explosion protection measures are collectively the means by which we reduce the risk of ignitions that can give rise to deflagrating explosions that are liable to have harmful, disruptive and/or costly consequences, AND mitigate against these explosion consequences. Explosion protection measures include:
- Explosion prevention – by ignition prevention and/or process controls;
- Explosion containment – where, we rely on pressure resistant construction to ensure that there is no consequential blast, external flame escape and equipment deformation/rupture arising from an ignition in the process equipment;
- Explosion venting – where by design we take measures to relieve the explosion over-pressure so as to mitigate against risk of incurring constructional pressure damages and/or uncontrolled flame/blast escape;
- Explosion suppression – where by design we detect and suppress an explosion before it builds up damaging or destructive pressures within the process, and then suppress residual explosion combustion;
- Explosion isolation – where by design we seek to minimize the possibility of flame/explosion propagation to other connected process equipment;
- Advanced inerting – where by design we deploy an inerting concentration of gaseous or powder extinguishant before flame arrival at the protected location.